-ton

Placename suffix = homestead. In early examples, the probable meaning = estate, as in numerous instances of Kingston = king's estate. Increasing use of -ton after c.900 has been taken to indicate the rise of compact estates in the hands of *thegns, e.g. Wigston in Sussex = Wigstan's homestead, also Alston, Derbyshire, = Alwine's. From tun we have 'town'. [< OldEngl. tun = fence, hence enclosure round a house, hence homestead, village, town] -
Cf. -by

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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